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This chapter describes how to use the graphical installer to install a graphical desktop directly onto a hard drive or into a virtual machine using virtualization software such as VirtualBox. It is possible to switch update tracks post-installation. See the Updating TrueOS section for instructions on switching update repositories.
Recursos para Principiantes
It also shows a drop down menu containing the different types of install files available for download. Refer to Burning the Installation Media for instructions on how to burn the downloaded file to bootable media. While downloading, a portion of the file may get damaged or lost, making the installation file unusable.
If a checksum of the downloaded file matches, the download was successful. If a checksum does not match, try downloading the file again. In order to verify a checksum, use a checksum verification utility. Only one of the checksums needs to be verified. The TrueOS website lists. MD5SHAand. The TrueOS website has all file types. Once installed, launch the program and use Browseshown in Figure 2. Once the file is selected, click Open to calculate the checksums. It may take a minute or so, depending upon the size of the downloaded file.
In this example, the user types md5 to view the sum of a. Then, using the built-in cat command line tool, the user compares the sum to the contents of the related.
To use the OpenPGP. The OpenPGP website has numerous recommendations for verification utilities. Once the installation file is downloaded and its checksum verified, burn it to a media. The media you use depends upon the file downloaded:. To burn to a DVD, use either a burning utility packaged with the operating system on the system with the burner or a separate burning application. There are a few requirements to write the img file to a USB device:. If there is a card reader on the system or the USB drive is connected using a USB dongle, device enumeration may be affected.
Before using ddensure the USB stick is unmounted. To burn the image file on a Windows system, use winimage-writer. When downloading winimage-writerdownload the latest version ending in -binary. Use browse to browse to the location of the. Insert a USB thumb drive and select its drive letter in this example, drive D.
Click Write and the image will be written to the USB thumb drive. Run diskutil list to discover the device name of the USB disk, unmount the USB disk, then use dd to write the image to the raw disk rdisk.
Save any BIOS changes and reboot. Once the system boots it displays the menu shown in Figure frewbsd. Press Enter or simply wait a few moments and this menu automatically prompts the system to continue booting.
If a key other than Enter is pressed, this screen pauses to provide additional time to review the options. If this screen is not paused, it automatically boots into the Boot Multi User option, displaying the first graphical installer screen, shown in the Language install section. The rest of this chapter describes the screens of the graphical installer. If any problems arise with booting into the graphical installer, please refer to the Installation Troubleshooting esspaol of this handbook.
The first graphical installer screen, seen in Figure 2. On the bottom-left manial of the screen are several icons and buttons to help with the installation, explained in Table 2. The default keyboard layout can be changed at this point, during the post-installation Choose a Language screen, when Logging Inor during an active session using the included fcitx utility. There is also an option to Load config from USB. If the configuration from a previous installation has been saved, it can be loaded at this time from a FAT formatted USB stick.
Any untranslated menus are displayed in English. Refer to Translation to assist in translating the graphical menus. Small screens may not display the entire installer window, resulting in buttons at the bottom of the window being hidden and inaccessible. When finished reviewing this screen, click Next to move on to the next installation screen. The System Selection screen installs a graphical desktop or a console-based server operating system, as seen in Figure 2.
It also can be used for Restore freebxd Life Preserver freebse. This chapter concentrates on a desktop installation. Refer to the Server Installation instructions for installing a command-line only server. By default, TrueOS Desktop graphical interface is selected. Press OK to keep the existing pool. Clicking Cancel formats the existing pool and all of its data. Additionally, VirtualBox is automatically detected, freebsdd the list with Virtual Environment Freesbd. Expand the desired list of drivers and choose one which is compatible with your hardware, then click Next to continue.
The Disk Selection screen, seen mmanual Figure 2.
However, if this is not intended, freevsd the rest of this section to determine how to layout the disk. Regardless of the selected mode, once the disk wizard completes and Next is chosen at the Disk Selection screen, a pop-up window asks to start the installation.
Be sure to review the Summary area before clicking Yes and starting the installation. The Disk Selection screen is the very last chance to ensure the system is correctly configured. After clicking Yesthe selected hard drive or partition is formatted, losing any existing frebsd. Once finished configuring the disk, you can save your choices for later use.
Select Basic and the wizard displays the screen shown in Figure 2. The first hard disk is typically selected. To install on a different disk, use the Disk drop-down menu to select the install disk.
By default, the entirety of the selected disk is formatted. If the disk is divided into partitions or there is an area of free space, use the Partition drop-down menu to choose the desired partition.
Manual de FreeBSD
To create an area of free space for installation, refer to Creating Free Space. The rEFInd boot manager is used to provide a menu of boot options to the user when the computer boots. Once the disk and partition are selected, click Next to view a Summary screen to review your choices. To make additional changes, press Back to return to a previous screen. Otherwise, click Finish to leave the wizard. Click Next then Yes to start the installation.
Manul selecting advanced mode, the wizard displays the screen shown in Figure 2. The Partition Scheme section dspaol not appear if a partition other than Use entire disk is chosen in creebsd Partition drop-down menu. After making any selections, click Next to access the ZFS configuration screens. The initial ZFS configuration screen is seen in Figure 2.
Select the desired level of redundancy from the ZFS Virtual Device Mode drop-down menu, then check the box for each disk to add to the configuration. While ZFS feebsd using disks of different sizes, this is discouraged as it decreases storage capacity and ZFS performance.
If any disk fails in a stripe, all data in the pool is lost! The installer does not allow a configuration choice in which the system does not meet the required number of disks. When selecting a configuration, espapl message indicates how many more disks are required. When finished, click Next to choose cache and log devices, shown in Figure 2. Any available devices are listed in the freeebsd in this screen. When finished, click Next to move to the encryption options, shown in Figure 2.
This screen can be used to configure full-disk encryption. This is meant to protect the data on the disks should the system itself be lost or stolen.
This type of encryption prevents the data on the disks from being available during bootup unless the correct passphrase is typed at the bootup screen. Once the passphrase is accepted, the data is unencrypted and can easily be read from disk. Once that box is checked, input a strong passphrase twice into the Password fields. It is recommended to create a long and memorable password, but something difficult to guess.
This passphrase is required to decrypt the disks. If the passphrase is lost or forgotten, all access will be lost to the encrypted data! When finished, click Next to move to the mount point screen shown in Figure 2. Regardless of how many disks are selected for the ZFS configuration, the default layout is the same.
Instead, create one ZFS partition pool and specify a mount for each dataset. Do not remove any of the default mount points.