Wood apple is one of the common names of an edible fruit from several trees, mainly belonging to genus Limonia acidissima L. (synonyms: Feronia limonia syns. Plant Morphology: Growth Form: Spiny deciduous tree to 20m tall. Foliage: Leaves alternate, compound, imparipinnate, with dark green leaflets, rachis. Wood apple is an erect, slow-growing tree with a few upward-reaching branches bending outward near the summit where they are subdivided.

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A berry, globose, woody. Seeds many, oblong, compressed, embedded in pulp. Fruiting throughout the year. Fruit pulp made into juice. Acidic pulp mixed with jaggery and ghee is tasty and ceremonially eaten during the Ganesha festival.

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Limonia acidissima – Useful Tropical Plants

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Limonia elephantum Correa G. Indian Wood Apple. A general description, with any kind of information about the taxon. Its main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the general public. Renu, Sanjana Julias Thilakar, D.

A textual diagnostic description of the species that is not necessarily structured. Bark brown with vertical fissures and rectangular flakes.

Spines sharp, straight, paler. Leaves pairs of leaflets, leaf margin fine soft teeth, crushed leaf smells aromatic, fruit pale yellow, woody. Common Dryland Trees of Karnataka: Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment, Deciduous trees, to 20 m high, bark dark-grey or black, deeply cracked longitudinally; thorns straight, to 2. Leaves imparipinnate, alternate, in a cluster, estipulate; rachis mm long, stout, glabrous, often narrowly winged; leafletsopposite, sessile, estipellate; lamina 1.


Flowers polygamous, dull red, 1. Fruit a berry, Nomenclature and Classification Nomenclature and Classification. Natural History Natural History Cyclicity. Describes biorhythms – those states or conditions characterised by regular repetition in time, whether on the scale of seconds, hours, days, or seasons.

It could also cover phenomena such as “plant flowering” or “chewing rates”. Life cycles are treated in the field for Life Cycle.

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Seasonal migration and reproduction are usually treated separately. Propagation Techniques Soak seeds in cold or boiled water for 24 hrs.

Describes reproductive physiology and behavior, including mating and life history variables. Includes cues, strategies, restraints, rates. Other Mammals Pollinators Pollinators: Describes methods, circumstances, and timing of dispersal includes both natal dispersal and interbreeding dispersal.

Tree Height 8 m. Describes average size, max, range; type of size perimeter, length, volume, weight Describes growth rates, allometries, parameters known to be predictive, morphometrics. Can also include hypotheses of paedomorphy or neoteny, etc. Describes the general appearance of the taxon; e.

May be referred to as or include habit, defined as the characteristic mode of growth or occurrence associated to its environment, particularly for plants.

Comprising its size, shape, texture and orientation. May also be referred to include anatomy. Field Tips Bark blackish, deeply fissured. Flower In axillary or terminal racemes, fragrant, cream. Fruit A berry, globose, woody. Interesting Facts Fruit pulp made into juice. Fruit is woody and corky outside when mature, pulp edible and has medicinal value. General description of the sites where the species is found ecosystem, forest, environment or microhabitat.

Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group in terms of its activities feeding, mating, etc. Common in foothills, scrub jungle up to m. India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Java. Thiruvananthapuram, Kottayam, Thrissur, Wayanad, Ernakulam. Enumerates geographic entities where the taxon lives. Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat. If the taxon is in the ecological state of being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation or other defined zone, or habitat type, and found only there; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.


Indian Endemicity Geographic Entity. Occurrence Occurrence Occurrence Records. The current map showing distribution of species is only indicative. Related observations Show all. Describes the likelihood of the species becoming extinct in the present day or in the near future. Population size is treated under Population Biology, and trends in population sizes are treated under Trends. However, this is the preferred element if an object includes all of these things and details about conservation listings.

Uses and Management Uses and Management Uses.

Goats and elephants eat the leaves. The tree is found only in certain patches in the forest. Known or potential benefits of the species for humans, at a direct economic level, as instruments of education, prospecting, eco-tourism, etc.

It includes published material or suggestions from the author or others. In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. Can include ecosystem services. However, benefits to ecosystems not specific to humans are best treated aidissima Risk statement what happens when the organism is removed. Encyclopedia of Life EOL.

M, Feronia limonia L. Nayar in Hajra et al. Feronia elephantum Correa, Trans. M, Llmonia elephantum Correa, Trans.

A neat compilation of beautiful trees of india with painted illustrations that can be a good The present study was conducted to analyze tree species diversity in the tropical forests of the Ea Wild edible plants of Hassan District, Karnataka: A role in ayurvedic formulation Desc: Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India Desc: We present a systematic, updated checklist caidissima larval host plants of the butterflies of acidixsima Western The forts on hilltops of the Sahyadri northern Western Ghats have seen a turbulent historical pas Technology Biodiversity in India.