Learn more about the Black lion tamarin – with amazing Black lion tamarin videos , photos and facts on Arkive. Descriptions and articles about the Black Lion Tamarin, scientifically known as Leontopithecus chrysopygus in the Encyclopedia of Life. Includes Overview; Br. Genetic assessment for the endangered black lion tamarin Leontopithecus chrysopygus (Mikan, ), Callitrichidae, Primates. Ayala-Burbano.
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Golden-rumped lion tamarins Leontopithecus chrysopygus at one time inhabited the vast tropical forest in the Central and Western portions of the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil. The other is the Caiteus Reserve, a 23 square kilometer reserve in central Sao Paulo.
Leontopithecus chrysopygus lives primarily in semideciduous forest of Sao Paulo. But it has also been know to leontopithecud swamp forest and macegaa forest made up of mainly small bush-like trees. In these forests, L. Flannery, ; Massicot, ; Nowak, The only place this differs is in the hind quarters.
Leontopithecus chrysopygus – #1553
The thighs, buttocks, and base of the tail are colored a reddish-brown. This is what gives the animal its common name, golden-rumped lion tamarin. The face of L. The hind limbs are generally longer than the forelimbs and the tail is not prehensile.
All digits have a chryslpygus sickle shaped nail, which is used chryspoygus gripping trees, except the big toe which has a flat nail. Body length in L. Beacham ; Nowak ; Wolters Most cases have found L.
In populations where chrysopyghs is more than one adult male per social group the female may mate with several males to confuse the males as to paternity of her young.
This causes males to provide assistance in the care of offspring that may be their own. Golden-rumped lion tamarins give birth most frequently to twins, though triplets and quadruplets have been reported.
In other species of lion tamarin, gestation lasts from to days. Lion tamarins give birth during the rainy season, usually from September through March. Both male and female golden-rumped lion tamarins aid in the rearing of offspring.
The young are born well-furred and with their eyes open, but are entirely dependent on adults for their care. For the first 2 to 3 weeks newborns stay primarily with the mother. After three weeks the father will carry the young for much of the day, bringing them to their mother every 2 to 3 hours for feeding. The offspring are weaned after 2 to 3 months but usually don’t leave the family group until they reach sexual maturity, at 16 to 24 months.
Leontopithecus chrysopygus in the wild will live for approximately ten years. In captivity the longest lived golden-rumped lion tamarin lived for 28 years. All of their time is spent within the family group. These family groups consist of on breeding pair and two or three years of their progeny. After male offspring reach sexual maturity they will generally leave the family group to go and find a mate. Sometimes this mate finding will occur when several family groups come together in a large gathering.
In these gatherings young males and young females are able to find mates to start their own family group. Within each individual family group dominance is shared by both the primary male and primary female. The primary male and female are strongly territorial and will fight off outsiders.
Because of this, during the large gatherings the mature males and females will keep to themselves. The territories of the family groups is typically 75 to acres, but with the lack of viable habitat this territory size has gone down and family groups often have overlapping territories.
Leontopithecus chrysopygus eats mainly insects and fruits. When they are able to catch them, L. The main predators of golden-rumped lion tamarins are small cats, birds of prey, and snakes. They avoid predation by being part of a social organization, so that more individuals are alert to potential dangers and will give warning signals to other members of their troupe.
Golden-rumped lion tamarins may be important as seed dispersers in the ecosystems in which they live. The charismatic quality of lion tamarins makes them excellent candidates for ecotourism activities. It is estimated that only about are still living in both the wild and captivity.
Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. Synapomorphy of the Bilateria. Ecotourism implies that there are existing programs that profit from the appreciation of natural areas or animals. Endothermy is a synapomorphy of the Mammalia, although it may have arisen in a now extinct synapsid ancestor; the fossil record does not distinguish these possibilities.
Referring to a mating system in which a female mates with several males during one breeding season compare polygynous. Epiphytes and climbing plants are also abundant. Precipitation is typically not limiting, but may be somewhat seasonal.
Black lion tamarin
Golden-rumped Lion Tamarin Leontopithecus chrysopygus. Accessed November 14, at http: Walker’s Mammals of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press.
Grzimek’s Encyclopedia of Mammals, Vol. Help us improve the site by taking our survey. To cite this page: Accessed December 31, at https: The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students. ADW doesn’t cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe.
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. While ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control. Leontopithecus chrysopygus golden-rumped lion tamarin Facebook. Geographic Range Golden-rumped lion tamarins Leontopithecus chrysopygus at one time inhabited the vast tropical leontopjthecus in the Central and Western portions of the state of Sao Leomtopithecus, Brazil.
Beacham Biogeographic Regions neotropical native Habitat Leontopithecus chrysopygus lives primarily in semideciduous forest of Sao Paulo. Flannery, ; Massicot, ; Nowak, Habitat Regions tropical terrestrial Terrestrial Biomes forest rainforest Range elevation 0 to m 0. Beacham ; Nowak ; Wolters Other Physical Features endothermic bilateral symmetry Range mass to g Mating System keontopithecus polyandrous Golden-rumped lion tamarins give birth most frequently to twins, though chrysooygus and quadruplets chrysopyhus been reported.
Range number of offspring 1 to 4 Average number of offspring 2 Range gestation period to days Range weaning age 2 to 3 months Range age at sexual or reproductive maturity female 16 to 24 months Range age at sexual or reproductive maturity male 16 to 24 months Both male and female golden-rumped lion leintopithecus aid in the rearing of offspring.
Nowak Average lifespan Status: Golden-rumped lion tamarins are mainly active during the day. Beacham ; Wolters Chrysopytus Behaviors motile sedentary territorial social dominance hierarchies Communication and Perception Perception Channels tactile chemical Food Habits Leontopithecus chrysopygus eats mainly insects and fruits.
Massicot Primary Diet omnivore Animal Foods birds reptiles eggs insects Plant Foods fruit Predation The main predators of golden-rumped lion tamarins are small cats, birds of prey, and snakes. Wolters Known Predators small cats Felidae birds of prey Falconiformes and Strigiformes snakes Serpentes Ecosystem Roles Golden-rumped lion tamarins may be important as seed dispersers in the ecosystems in which they live.
Economic Importance for Humans: Negative There are no negative effects of lion tamarins on humans. Glossary Neotropical living in the southern part of the New World. In other words, Central and South America. Connect with us Help us improve the site by taking our survey.
Classification Kingdom Animalia animals Animalia: The ADW Team gratefully acknowledges their support.