: Propagandes () by Jacques Ellul and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available now at great. Introduction. Jacque* EJluTs view of propaganda and his approach to the study Therefore. Ellul distinguishes various fonrts of propaganda and calls his book. 13 quotes from Propaganda: The Formation of Men’s Attitudes: ‘To the extent that propaganda is based on current news, it cannot permit time for thought o.
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Ellul and Merton
At the same time it conquered new nations and new territories: Propaganda is designed to be continuous within the individual’s life by filling the citizen’s entire day. By this we mean not only the Western world, but all the world that shares a modern technology and is structured into nations….
Again Ellul mentions that the individual must be caught in wide net of media through all channels.
All of this describes the “Mass-Government” relationship characterized by people demanding what has already been decided, in order to appear as though the government is actually kacques about what the people need. Propaganda veils the truth with falsehoods even though lying is generally to be avoided. People cannot be kept in a “state of perpetual enthusiasm and insecurity”.
These are indicated by principal symbols of the culture the propagandist wishes to attack since these symbols express the attitudes of a particular propaandes. These two needs compliment and correspond to each other in the development of propaganda. The psychological effects of propaganda on an individual cannot be ignored.
This book appears to be the first attempt to study propaganda from a sociological approach as well as a psychological one. Retrieved from ” https: The ideology merely provides the content for the propagandist to build off since he is limited to what already is present within the group, nation, or society. Individuals are part of a culture and are therefore psychologically shaped by that culture.
He filled three pages in his reading notebook with quotes and excerpts from the book and entered three extended reflections in his journal within the first week of its possession.
The aim of modern propaganda is no longer to modify ideas, but to provoke action. Propaganda can gradually undermine prejudices and images in order to weaken them.
Discernment is made nearly impossible for the individual whose ability to judge is destroyed making him dependent on propaganda’s ready-made opinions from then on. The individual is by no means just an innocent victim of propaganda when in fact he provokes the jwcques action of propaganda by not merely lending himself to it, but also from deriving satisfaction from it.
These currents reinforce society and hold man’s major convictions and propaganda must voice this reality. Just because the e,lul propaganda cannot be defined with any degree of precision does not mean that attempts to define it should be abandoned. Massignon, a Frenchman like Ellul, was a Catholic mystic and scholar of Islam who also served as a mentor of sorts for Merton. And, in fact, modern man does not think about current problems; he feels them.
With each of these events propaganda developed further, increased in depth, discovered new methods. Propaganda aims to capture both the mass and the individual at the same time through this dual type of society. The individual cannot live in the state of this harsh reality so he derives satisfaction from the veil created by the ideology and the sense of values it provides.
Sometimes the people want to take part in government affairs. Once it becomes history it inevitably becomes neutral and indifferent to the individual who is sensitive primarily to current news. The individual is viewed as the cornerstone of a democracy which is a form of government that is made “for the people and by the people”. In order for propaganda to maintain encirclement, it must be exerted by an oropagandes capable of influencing psychological channels that reach the individual.
Without it, the masses would not cling to a certain civilization, or its process of development and crisis. He reacts, but be does not understand them any more than he takes responsibility for them.
Ellul and Merton | | The International Jacques Ellul Society
Well-organized propaganda is able to work with different elements that exist within a nation such as religion, political parties, and labor groups. Political Propaganda involves techniques of influence employed by a government, a party, an administration, or a pressure group with the intention of changing the behavior of the public.
It is through information that the individual is placed in a social context and learns to understand the reality of his own situation.
But here we must make an important qualification. Leonard Dooban American specialist, defined propaganda in as “the attempt to affect the personalities and jacquea control the behavior of individuals towards desired ends”.
Propaganda: The Formation of Men’s Attitudes – Wikipedia
It presents a sophisticated taxonomy for propaganda, including such paired opposites as political—sociological, vertical—horizontal, rational—irrational, and agitation—integration. In this process, the individual’s personal inclinations lead to participation in the collective where he loses control and submits to external impulses.
Basically, agitation propaganda provides the motive force when needed and when not needed integration propaganda provides the context and backdrop.