This one-page guide includes a plot summary and brief analysis of The Ghost Sonata by August Strindberg. The Ghost Sonata () by seminal Swedish. The Ghost Sonata (Swedish title: Spöksonaten) was written in and first performed the January 21st, at Strindberg’s Intimate Theater in Stockholm. For his final Strindberg staging, Bergman returns to The Ghost Sonata for the fourth time and the result is ‘more a farewell tale than an unmasking’.

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It is surely no accident that both the Jewish patriarch, and the evil Hummel of The Ghost Sonata, bear the same name: Here, the Student ponders that similarity:. While the Old Man is entertaining himself sontaa this macabre way, Johansson returns for a brief conversation with the Student, who tries to learn xtrindberg about his new benefactor.

Keep Exploring Britannica William Shakespeare. Like these two previous productions, however, The Ghost Sonata was attacked and ridiculed by critics who did ztrindberg, or would not, understand the symbolic dream worlds Strindberg was attempting to portray on the stage. Accordingly, the characters in The Ghost Sonata speak, move and act as if they are part of a dream—or a nightmare.

The real accomplishment of The Ghost Sonata was not widely understood, and the playwright himself was not universally appreciated until after his death in The Girl, Adele, has lived too long in the polluted air of the house, and now suffers like a vicarious ghosg in her Hyacinth Room where everything seems perfect, but is really damaged and dying.

The Ghost Sonata

The Mummy now strokes Jacob like a parrot, and he cackles as she once did. The woman saith unto him, Sir, thou has nothing to draw with, and the well is deep: The artist accomplishes this aim through distortion, exaggeration, primitivism, and fantasy and through the vivid, jarring, violent, or dynamic application of formal….

As fairly typical of present-day thinking, we may take this comment from an anthology widely-used in introductory literature classes:.

Sonqta tells him his noble family name has actually been extinct for a century—that he is no longer a nobleman—and shows him a document of proof. Three cheers for Arkenholtz! Life begins with promise and ends, as often as not, in humiliation, degradation and, eventually, release.


The scene then subsides in intensity as Hummel gradually loses his forceful manner, and becomes, himself, a grotesque parrot.

The Ghost Sonata |

Even more importantly, the Old Man convinces the Student he will ztrindberg him introduced to the beautiful Girl, Adele, who lives inside the rich house Arkenholtz has been admiring.

Typically the first section of a sonata is exposition. The Student also thinks he has found a generous benefactor in the Old Man.

But Strindberg certainly did not intend to write simply a paraphrase of the Biblical story. Johansson mentions that there is only one thing that Hummel fears, and the Student surmises that it is the Milkmaid.

Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. It was in this way that new and meaningful vitality was given to the visual in production. A house collapsed in Stockholm, Sweden, where the action of the play is set, and a poor student, named Arkenholz, witnessed the tragedy and spent all night tending to the wounded and dying. But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life John IV: He believes the Girl is his daughter, though she is actually the child of Jacob Hummel, who had an affair with his wife, Amelia.

The will objectivating itself in all existing things, quite literally wreaks on the physical its metaphysical craving; satisfies that craving in the most frightful way in the world and through the world which it has brought forth, and which, born of greed and compulsion, turns out to be a thing to shudder at.

Apart from the wide range of voices as sounds or intonations throughout the play, this pattern is composed of the sound of bells, an organ, a clock, street noises, a harp, the loud pounding on a table.

She looks, in fact, like the marble statue of her character’s mother. That hereditary evil could not be eradicated from the posterity of Jacob by regeneration because they would not admit it, is likewise manifest from the historicals of the Word. Seldom has cosmic disgust filled a stage so ravishingly.

And when the Student, after hearing something disturbing about Hummel from Zonata, his servant, decides to escape from him, the girl drops her bracelet out of the window, the Student returns it, and there is no more talk of escape. Expressionismartistic style in which the ghosy seeks to depict not objective reality but rather the subjective emotions and responses that objects and events arouse within a person. His last play, The Great Highway, a symbolic presentation of his own life, appeared in On stage, his vision of an alternate reality was a forerunner to later twentieth century experiments in non-realistic dramatic literature, such as Expressionism, popular in Zonata in the s, and the Absurdist movement of the s, made popular by writers like Samuel BeckettEugene Ionescoand Jean Genet.


Jacob, on the other hand, denies his own crimes and pretends to be virtuous. His eclectic tastes in reading included not only the Bible, but also writings of theologians of every stripe—pre-eminent among whom was Emanuel Swedenborg.

And the manipulative Old Man evokes any number of contemporary powermongers. What Hummel does not count on, however, is his own criminal past coming back to haunt him. Not far away, Jacob Hummel, an old man in a wheelchair, watches the scene and listens to the Student speak, apparently, to thin air.

In any case, realistic criteria of character consistency and continuity of action are mostly irrelevant in this play. The old man will begin his invocations from very far off, and the beggars will answer him in several stages.

Print this article Print all entries for this topic Cite this article. In the s, Britain sojata France developed the Concorde, a jet plane that allows travelers to fly faster than the speed of sound, and reach the United States from Europe in only a few hours.

One might detect in this formulation a doctrine of correspondences altogether Swedenborgian.

This would seem to leave the field clear for the stgindberg of young love, the ghost house purged. In this Biblical story, we recall, Jesus has passed through Samaria while traveling from Judea to Galilee.

In the Hyacinth Room of the house, the Student explains the qualities of hyacinths that he loves to the Girl — qualities that she shares.