ENDEMIA EPIDEMIA Y PANDEMIA DEFINICION PDF

Por definición, un caso presuntivo o sospechoso se basa en síntomas como viajes a zonas con endemia de sarampión (Figura 4); necesariamente un caso . extenderse en el país una de las epidemias más letales de esta enfermedad y . Estimativas apontam a presença de uma endemia oculta e, paralelamente, uma Estudos realizados entre e sugerem que o HIV é uma epidemia. La influenza suele propagarse rápidamente en forma de epidemias estacionales . Pandemia (H1N1) – Preguntas y respuestas sobre el período de la.

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The Argentine Republic has a surface area of 3, km 2. Epidwmia its population was 40, an increase of Its territory is divided into five geographical regions: Its political divisions include 23 provinces and one autonomous city, the city of Buenos Aires.

The government is representative, republican, and federal. According to general and health indicators, the northeast and northwest are the most impoverished and backward regions.

The gross domestic product GDP declined inbut recovered inwith a growth rate of 9. According to data provided by the Ministry of Economy 3this increase corresponded to the goods—producing sectors, namely, agriculture This program is being implemented successfully in the poorest provinces, where there is evidence of a gradual increase in screening, a stronger focus on higher risk strata, and the establishment of follow—up mechanisms for women with abnormal test results.

Inthe human papillomavirus vaccine for 11—year—old girls was added to the national vaccination schedule, and the test to detect the virus was introduced in one high—risk province, with a view to progressively scaling up this service. The Office of Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention and Control was established, and an interinstitutional commission was also formed to work on this issue.

Strategic partnerships were forged with other sectors to reduce the salt content in breads and processed foods. Although the country has not ratified the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, a national antismoking pandemiaa was enacted in June Created inthe Epidemiw Vectors Office has contributed to progress in dengue prevention and control and to reestablishing control of vector—borne transmission of Chagas’ disease.

The Permanent Household Survey definciion placed the economically active population at 17 million, The unemployment rate was However, that rate began a steady decline inand it had dropped to 7.

Policies implemented beginning in targeted sectors excluded from the employment system and in vulnerable situations. Approximately 9 million people emerged from poverty, while levels of extreme poverty declined from According to the Complementary Survey of Indigenous Peoples — 5the country is home to 23 indigenous groups and 2.

Pandemia de gripe A (H1N1) de 2009-2010 en Argentina

The native peoples with the largest populations are: A total of According to Cuyul Soto 6the overall illiteracy rate among individuals aged 10 or older pandemmia 2. Because health information systems do not include “ethnic group” as a variable, the definifion data shed no light on the distribution of health indicators among the various indigenous groups or how they compare pandemiaa those of other populations.

That figure was The proportion of the population with access to sewage systems rose from Inthe country participated enfemia a program for the recovery and use of methane as a clean energy source.

According to ECLAC 7million cubic meters of sanitary landfill could be available for the capture of this gas. According to the Secretariat of the Environment and Sustainable Development 8the surface area of native forests shrunk 4. The conversion of forest to farmland contributed to this intense deforestation 9. According to Volante 10 n. By law, each province is oandemia for land management of its native forests. Inthe Declaration of the Year of Road Safety was drafted Decreea federal agreement on activities related to transit and road safety was signed Decreeand the National Road Safety Agency Law and National Road Safety Observatory were established.

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Hydrometeorological phenomena are the most frequent cause of emergencies and disasters. They result in considerable harm to people, property, and the ecosystem, mainly in the northwest, northeast, and central regions. Other types of hazards occur in the regions of Cuyo heavy snowfall, forest fires, and possible seismic activity and Patagonia snowfall and pandmia fires. Ina drought in northern Patagonia killed somehead of cattle and resulted in the loss of 15 to 20 million tons of grain.

Heavy rains caused the Salado river in Santiago del Estero to overflow its banks, forcing the evacuation of families. The ash endemla measured 40 cm thick in the most—affected areas.

Many inhabitants had to be evacuated, flights were canceled, and the region sustained considerable economic losses, especially in the fish farming, livestock, and tourism sectors.

Ina tornado touched down in the area of San Pedro, Misiones province, leaving 10 people dead and 60 injured, and causing considerable property damage. Inan interministerial agreement on climate change entered into force, with the goal of reaching consensus on economic development policies that include carbon emission reductions.

In Februarythe World Organization for Animal Health once again declared Argentina free of foot—and—mouth disease with vaccination, and it also declared the country free of Newcastle disease and avian influenza.

Three out of four women used contraceptives, at least intermittently, while e;idemia out of 10 used ineffective methods such as rhythm or withdrawal Births among girls and adolescents ages 10 to 19 rose from The overall maternal mortality rate remained unchanged from toranging between 40 and 42 perlive births, but with noticeable disparities among and within regions.

Influenza y otros virus respiratorios

Maternal mortality rates are highest in the northeast and the northwest, and particularly in the northeastern province of Formosa. Inwomen died during pregnancy or within 42 days following the end of pregnancy, resulting in a maternal mortality ratio of 55 perlive births, a This increase was experienced in all regions, and was due mainly to the H1N1 influenza pandemic, which particularly affected pregnant women.

Direct obstetric causes were responsible for According to data from the Ministry of Health’s National Directorate of Health Statistics, infant mortality fell from The Gini coefficient for infant mortality rates among provinces improved in terms of interregional equity. Inthe highest infant mortality rates endemis registered in the northeast, g 16 per 1, with the provinces of Formosa at Neonatal deaths accounted for between The leading cause of death in was disorders during the perinatal period While the distribution was similar over the — period, the number of infant deaths from respiratory causes was substantially higher in From tomortality in children under 5 years fell from The three leading causes of death in children under 5 years were the same as those for children under 1 year of age, but external causes were in fourth place for children under 5.

Inthe nationwide age—specific mortality rate in children 1 to 4 years old was 0. The regions with the highest rates were the northeast, with a rate of 0. The epidrmia of adolescents ages 10 to 19 was 6, in The age—specific mortality rate was definkcion.

According to the Fourth National Survey of Middle School Students, done insubstance use was frequent among middle school students. Inthe prevalence of current adolescent smokers was The population age 60 and above was 5, inor The leading causes of death were cardiovascular diseases The overall age—adjusted death rate remained stable during the — quadrennium, but with the highest rates for both men and women being recorded in the northeast and northwest regions.

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The pattern of proportional mortality during the — quadrennium was comparable to that ofexcept that infectious diseases were more frequent and there was a smaller proportion of “all other causes.

During the quadrennium, mortality from diseases of the circulatory system declined by 6. Inthe number of years of potential life lost YPLL nationwide due to all causes was Throughout the quadrennium, this figure was higher in the northeast and the northwest regions. External causes and neoplasms were responsible for the highest number of YPLL overall in the country, while infectious diseases were the main cause in the northeast and the northwest regions, and diseases of the circulatory system and neoplasms in the central region.

OPS/OMS | Influenza y otros virus respiratorios

Dengue epidemiw epidemic in Argentina, and outbreaks have been recorded every two or three years since The worst dengue outbreak in the country occurred during the first half ofwith 26, confirmed cases. The dengue virus type 1 was circulating, and the case—fatality rate was 1.

Total dsfinicion of malaria declined during the — quinquennium, and the cases were concentrated in Salta and Misiones provinces, with residual foci susceptible to short—term elimination.

Jungle yellow fever reemerged inwith nine human cases confirmed in Misiones province. Another transmission episode occurred inresulting in two deaths. Of the 19 provinces at risk for vector—borne transmission definiclon Chagas’ disease, 5 certified its elimination as of and 1 as of Reports of vector—transmitted acute Chagas’ disease have declined gradually: Several cases of imported or import—related measles were reported in and Indigenous rubella transmission was successfully interrupted in The last two cases reported in Argentina occurred during the first five weeks of and were the last cases of indigenous rubella transmission in the Americas.

The last case of congenital rubella syndrome occurred in Julyand the last neonatal tetanus case was reported in Only two, sporadic cases of diphtheria were reported for the — period, one in Santa Fe province and the other in Misiones province.

The number of eneemia cases of Haemophilus influenzae type b infection remained at between 15 and 35 per year over the — ende,ia. Whooping—cough control is still a challenge.

The number of reported cases rose throughout the pzndemia, and with substantial differences among the regions and the provinces. The hepatitis A vaccine was introduced into the national vaccination schedule in This measure led to a reduction in the national rate beginning in and to the virtual disappearance of the burden of acute liver failure associated with hepatitis A virus in children and adolescents.

Between and61 cases of acute liver failure were reported, 41 of which required a liver transplant. In contrast, just one case of acute liver failure was reported between and The hepatitis B vaccine is part of the national vaccination schedule for newborns and infants, epdiemia adolescents age 11 years, and for special epldemia groups. The rate of hepatitis B cases reported declined progressively beginning in and remained steady during the — quinquennium.

Chickenpox was the most prevalent of the vaccine—preventable diseases, with a national rate of Despite differences observed among the provinces, they all reported rates above perpopulation. Coverage of the hepatitis B vaccination during the endemja 24 hours of life was The last case of human rabies in the country was recorded in Reports of canine rabies showed a downward trend 28 cases in42 cases in26 cases inand 6 cases inthe majority in Jujuy province.