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Therefore, the State had to carry out three tasks in which decreyo medicine was going to be involved and was going to acquire a leading role: Ley de 1 de septiembre de This was how Spain was conceived in relation to the economy “as a gigantic syndicate of productores ” producersa term used in the ” Nuevo Estado ” to refer to the “material” workers and differentiate them in this way from those “of the spirit” Ruiz Resa,p.
In this way occupational medicine was given a wide-ranging task of social control. This abstract may be abridged.
A policy aimed at controlling the risks at work and at maintaining the workers at their full physical and psychological capacity to correctly perform their work, occupational medicine had to be promoted as the discipline that could contribute to improve health and safety at work and to the recovery of people who were “invalid” for work.
Work injuries, scientific management and the production of disabled bodies in Spain, This is the point where the rhetoric resorted to religious metaphors to emphasise the obligatory nature of fulfilling the health and safety recommendations at work. During the first half of the 20th century, the concern for the population was a prominent feature in Western states. The relevance granted to maintain workers’ physical integrity justified the presence in the workplaces of some experts who could act, monitoring the damage that disability caused to the productivity.
As an alternative to the vilified capitalist system, it was advocated that in the new regime “everyone who cooperates in the production, forms an organic totality in it”, which would make “class struggles radically impossible” El programa,p. Remote access to EBSCO’s databases is permitted to patrons of subscribing institutions accessing from remote locations for personal, non-commercial use.
Los valores morales del nacionalsindicalismo.
As we will see, disability formed a prominent element in the arguments used by doctors to show the need to rely on them for this task. However, the Fuero also gave more emphasis on the mandatory nature of work than the idea of work as a right. In Spain, the so-called National Syndicalism was the political and economic-social proposal which, using a fascist inspiration and with components taken from Ds, was used as a banner to promote the military uprising of and to decrego the establishment of the new political order: The ideology of National Syndicalism not only saw in this area of medicine as a perfect way to impart its way of interpreting what was represented by the nation’s prosperity and the wellbeing of Spaniards in general, but also a way to reduce the opposition amongst Dcereto citizens to the Dictatorship and gaining supporters for the national cause.
There is no risk involved in setting forth the idea that this way of expressing things was heavily influenced by ee Catholic Church 5077 Franco’s Spain, which had been increased, particularly since the middle of the s at the expense of somewhat relegating the Fascist component provided by the Falange. It should be taken into account that although the industrial activity was affected by the characteristic stagnation of Spain in the s, the Government adopted some decisions aimed at improving it.
Attitudes and Disabled People: But, within this framework, the doctor was also expected to carry out other functions of great value for the ” Nuevo Estado “.
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To close his article, Matilla set forth the idea that it was the state and the government’s task to coordinate all these repair and prevention actions related to disability. Political Anatomy of the Body. Theoretical approaches of the authors, their study methodologies, within the public administration researched, tools and procedures for analysis of data collected, among others have been shown. Whoever contributed with their working activity to the aggrandisement of the homeland deserved great esteem and held “sufficient merit to demand the assistance and protection of the state” Declaration 1.
Those whose impairments prevented them from working depended on the diagnosis of physicians in order to maintain their honour. To Hell and Back.
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Disability was therefore shown as a phenomenon which had important repercussions both on the people who were classified as “disabled”, and on those who were considered “able” to work; disability became a powerful reason to justify and legitimate actions aimed at controlling the behaviour of all the workers in order to prevent them from becoming, either temporarily or permanently, unproductive people. Between the crisis and Second World War, the international actions that would consolidate this trend took off, with the scope, the application method and appearance rates being affected by each country’s circumstances.
Work, Disability and Social Control: When dealing with the “national policy” regarding hygiene, he mentioned the existence of three fundamental circumstances that could arise during a person’s life in relation to their capacity to perform a work activity: Amongst other things, the idea was to instill in the ” productor ” the value of preventing disability, particularly when it was the result of accidents at work.
The Spanish Civil War and the subsequent establishment of Franco’s regime has been related to the political, social and moral crisis at the beginning of the 20th century, which was expressed by the clashes between the capital and the workers. The Regulation meant overcoming the legal principle of “occupational risk”, which attributed the whole responsibility for the accidents to the employer and made the workers who suffered the accidents exempt from any responsibility.
On the one hand, by significantly moving the responsibility of producing accidents towards the worker, occupational medicine changed the perception of work accident victims.
It offered healthcare and economic cover for maternity and illness, excluding the situations covered by the work accident legislation.
Under Franco’s regime, the victim was at fault. Their capacity to remove the ” productor ” from disability, attempting his recovery and watching to ensure that no fraud was committed by faking this, turned the specialists in this field of medicine into essential components used to reach these political goals.
This method of approaching disability prevention was accompanied by a series of 507 regarding the way this phenomenon was interpreted. Given that it was considered that the decretto of the safety regulations represented a negative factor for the social and economic welfare of the workers, it was necessary to instil ee them “the unquestionable values of prevention” Conceptos,p.