BRAINWASHED THE SEDUCTIVE APPEAL OF MINDLESS NEUROSCIENCE PDF

Brainwashed has ratings and 70 reviews. Jafar said: A new study suggests feeling powerful dampens a part of the brain that helps us connect with oth. Brainwashed: The Seductive Appeal of Mindless Neuroscience by Sally Satel and Scott Lilienfeld is an important book on an emerging. Brainwashed: The Seductive Appeal of Mindless Neuroscience. Article (PDF Available) in Theology and Science 12(1) · February with.

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Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Preview — Brainwashed by Sally L. Since fMRI—functional magnetic resonance imaging—was introduced in the early s, brain scans have been used to help politicians understand and manipulate voters, determine guilt in court cases, and make sense of everything from musical aptitude to romantic love.

But although brain scans and other neurotechnologies have provided groundbreaking insights into the brainwasged of the human brain, the increasingly fashionable idea that they are the most important means of answering the enduring mysteries of psychology is misguided—and potentially dangerous. Lilienfeld reveal how many of the real-world applications of human neuroscience gloss over its limitations and intricacies, at times obscuring—rather than clarifying—the myriad factors that shape our behavior and identities.

Brain scans, Satel and Lilienfeld show, are useful but often ambiguous representations brainwashdd a highly complex system. Each region of the brain participates in a host of experiences and interacts with other regions, so seeing one area light up on an fMRI in response to a stimulus doesn’t automatically indicate a particular sensation or capture the higher cognitive functions that come from those interactions.

The narrow focus on the brain’s physical processes also assumes that our subjective experiences can be explained away by biology alone. A provocative account of our obsession with neuroscience, Brainwashed brilliantly illuminates what contemporary neuroscience and brain imaging can and cannot tell us about ourselves, providing a much-needed reminder about the many factors that make us who we are.

Hardcoverpages. Published June 4th by Basic Books first published May 16th To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about Brainwashedplease sign up. Lists with This Book. Jul 29, Jafar rated it liked it. You read something like this almost every day.

The authors of this book have a valid point in that these days every emotion and thought and act is being wrongly associated with a brain activity pattern in an fMRI scan.

The irony is that any pop neuroscience book that you pick up boasts about the complexity of the human brain — that it’s the most co “A new study suggests feeling powerful dampens a part of the brain that helps us thee with others,” is what I read in an article on NPR yesterday.

The irony is that any pop neuroscience book that you pick up boasts about the complexity of the human brain — that it’s the most complex known object in the entire universe, that it has some billion neurons, each with one to ten thousand synaptic connections with other neurons, that the number of possible configurations of the human brain is greater than the number of elementary particles in the entire universe.

And yet, among all this complexity, they can tell from a brain scan what you think about a political candidate, if you believe what’s being published as science journalism. Jan 04, Steven Peterson rated it really liked it. Technology for studying the operation of the brain has fo widely discussed in the media–as have those slides from f MRI functional magnetic resonance imaging that show certain parts of the brain “lighting up” in response to stimuli.

Does this methods neuroxcience others as well show us how the brain affects our political choices? Our feelings on race? Much media attention has focused brainawshed the neurosciences and the associated technology.

The authors speak of the danger of “neurodeterminism” Technology for studying the operation of the brain has been widely discussed in the media–as have those slides from f MRI functional magnetic resonance imaging that show certain parts of the brain “lighting up” in response to stimuli.

The authors speak of the danger of “neurodeterminism” and neurocentrism page xiv”the view that human experience and behavior can be best explained from the predominant or even exclusive perspective of the brain. Chapters explore neuroimaging–what we can and cannot infer from the results, addictions as explainable by brain functioning, the implications derived from neurosciejce research for law. They raise questions about the variety of linkages proposed and urge caution.

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Review: Brainwashed: The Seductive Appeal of Mindless Neuroscience | HuffPost

In the brief final chapter, they summarize their concerns about neurodeterminism and argue for a more balanced view. Jun 29, John Martindale rated it it was amazing Shelves: Wow, this was an excellent read.

Sally Satel wrote a book, that was quite the counterbalance to the pop-neuroscience audiobooks I’ve listened to over the years. Satel, isn’t by any means against the huge steps-forward in brain imaging and neuroscience, but she is opposed to the overeager popularizes who jump to hasty conclusions, and the media swallowing up the hype and spreading nonsense.

She knows that this all could later discredit what is an important science. Neuroscience is very young, and Wow, this was an excellent read. Neuroscience is very young, and many scientist seem all to eager to get rid of the whole psychological part of the picture, neglecting the fact that humans have a mind. Satel seemed against to the religious and platonic notion of the non-physical soul, but believes instead, that the mind comes forth from the brain.

Yet still mental states are not identical to the physical brain states. Both need to be considered important, to better understand human behavior and how we change. Concerning brain imaging, just because a part of the brain lights up, when we look at a picture of Bill Clinton for example, doesn’t conclusively show how we feel about him. Lets say the amygdala shows more activity, then the researcher may say that Clinton stirs fear in us.

The problem is though the amygdala does indeed light up when one is afraid, it also lights up in several other occasions, it could mean a number of things. It doesn’t just serve one function, but many, so a speculative interpretation is required. Also, several part of the brain will light up in any given moment, all of which can indicate different things, muddying up the water further.

Satel, shows some of the many problems in the attempts the show the signature of a lie in the brain, and why lie detector test often fail. She shows the how dangerous David Eaglemen’s ideas are in “Incognito” concerning how the whole justice system should be changed, since all crime is caused by malfunctioning brains.

She challenges the new wave of scientist who negate our having the freedom to do otherwise than we do, showing how there is just not enough evidence to be dogmatic determinist. She argued against those who say teens aren’t to be held responsible for murder, because their brain were still developing.

Yeah, she had some excellent reflections on all of these things. Concerning all the claims that addiction is a disease, Sally Satel, shared an interesting study done during the s, when opium and high grade heroine flooded southern Asia. The GI Addiction epidemic became a big deal and there was lots of fear that once the soldiers returned home, the the addiction would continue for once an addict, always an addict.

So Richard Nixon demanded drug testing to be done and made it so no one could return to the States unless they passed. If they failed the test, they would have to enter an army sponsored rehab until clean.

Once this was announced, almost everyone just stopped using the drugs. This study undercuts the “once an addict, always an addict” mantra and the belief that addiction is a chronic brain disease. There were lots of motivating factors, for one in Asia the drugs were cheap brainwashec helped them deal with the stress of war and once they thw they couldn’t come back home unless they ssductive clean, they found the motivation to stop.

Once back in the states, the fear of arrest, the high price of heroine and the shady drug culture didn’t seem worth the risk, so most just transitioned back into ordinary life. This shows that in many ways the disease model ultimately fails. Lets says 50 percent of the solders got terminal cancer while in Vietnam, and the insensitive president said “You can’t return back home until you are cancer free” then guess what, none of those with cancer would have come home, they couldn’t have just made the decision not to have cancer.

See how there is a difference? See how addiction being a disease is not quite accurate? Drugs do alter the brain, causing intense cravings, but there are other psychological factors involved. The Disease model has been pushed to far, one needs a holistic approach.

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Nov 24, Kaitlin rated it liked it Shelves: This was alright, not the best book.

Brainwashed: The Seductive Appeal of Mindless Neuroscience by Sally L. Satel

I’ve always been curious about the brainwashing system in cults, politics, religion, etc Feb 16, Andy rated it liked it. Good content debunking “neurobollocks” but not really enough for a book. Mar 17, Miles rated it really liked it. Sally Satel and Scott O.

Brainwashed: The Seductive Appeal of Mindless Neuroscience

The Seductive Appeal of Mindless Neuroscience is a mindlses, concise, and balanced analysis of how certain individuals and groups misrepresent the discoveries and practical applications of modern neuroscience.

Comfortably situated in the tradition of responsible skepticism, Brainwashed is a terrific example of scientific self-correction. Satel and Lilienfeld take on a host of arenas in which unwarranted transgressions threaten to give neuroscience a bad name: The authors handle each topic adroitly, delimiting the areas where neuroscientific evidence is strong and exposing the ways it can be misunderstood or willfully misused.

The text is accessible and brief, but not at the expense of clarity and nuance. Brainwashed contains a thorough explanation of exactly why the results of brain imaging studies can be so easily misconstrued: This means not only that collectors of fMRI data could be working with potentially flawed or incomplete assumptions about what kinds of thoughts and feelings are generated by activity in certain brain regions, but also that using fMRI results to make conclusions about subjective experience is an act of interpretation, not direct mind reading.

This does not discredit the validity of fMRI studies, which are hugely informative in many medical and research contexts, but it does place fairly strict limits on our ability to unambiguously link pictures of the brain with their correlating modes of phenomenal experience. These facts, which are well known in neuroliterate circles but not always grasped by the general public, are too often glossed over or ignored entirely when funding or consumer wallets hang in the balance.

And before genetic determinism there was the radical behaviorism of B. Skinner, who sought to explain human behavior in terms of rewards and punishments. Earlier in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries, Freudianism sedjctive that people were the products of unconscious conflicts and drives. Each of these movements suggested that the causes of our actions are not what we think they are.

Is neurodeterminism poised to become the next grand narrative of human behavior? This background knowledge brainwasheed that we ought to cultivate the promise of neuroscience while also avoiding the fallacies of the past. Neuroscience has conferred on humanity many tools for both practical and imaginative forms of self-understanding. My brainqashed of neuroscience played no small part in reshaping my identity during the latter part of my undergraduate education, and the field continues to influence my ideas about who I am and how I should interact with the world.

I do not suspect Satel and Mindpess would disagree with any of this; they want to save neuroscience from itself, to preserve its respectability by taking measured accounts of precisely when and how it can be useful.

Every grand human story needs informed curmudgeons to poke holes and sniff out misapplications.

Review: Brainwashed: The Seductive Appeal of Mindless Neuroscience

While they admit that neuroscience is a useful tool for understanding deliberation and possibly reshaping the justice system, they rightfully point out that it is only one filter among others through which we should funnel our theories of justice and our conclusions about how to best mete it out.

The job of neuroscience is to elucidate the brain mechanisms associated with mental phenomena, and when technical prowess is applied to the questions it can usefully address, the prospects for conceptual breakthroughs and clinical advances are bountiful. Asking the wrong questions of the brain, however, is at best a dead end and at worst a misappropriation of the mantle of science.