Beej Bachao Andolan: The genesis. The fertile valleys in Garhwal Himalayas witnessed a near genetic wipeout in agriculture. By the mids, large arcas of . Jardhargaon, a small village in the Tehri-Garhwal district of Uttaranchal, pioneered a people’s movement to conserve indigenous seeds and promote traditional. Our hunt for people working with this ethos led us to the doorstep of Vijay Jardhari of Beej Bachao Andolan in remote rural Uttarakhand. In a village called Upli.

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The first step in the programme was the discontinuation of the cultivation of chemical-dependent seeds. To accomplish this outcome, andokan organisers visited villages in the region to learn more about traditional varieties of seeds. They then organised food marches as well as meetings to create awareness about the importance of protecting traditional seeds.

Beej Bachao Andolan – Save Seed Movement of Uttarakhand

Programme organisers sampled different varieties and combinations of seeds, returning to farmers ansolan varieties that were particularly useful.

BBA also actively promoted the use of traditional farming methods such as baranaja.

A farmer and social activist from Jardhargaon realised that modern agriculture was destroying traditional farming. Along with other activists of the Chipko movement, this activist formed the BBA to promote traditional agriculture and crop varieties.

In the valley of Ramasirain, Uttarkashi district, farmers were growing a distinctive variety of red rice called chardhan. The rice was nutritious and suited to local requirements and conditions.

Farmers also grew indigenous varieties like thapchini, jhumkiya, rikhwa and lal basmati. Agriculture here was untouched by modern practices and good yields were obtained without the use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides. What the farmers here were doing was avoiding monocultures in a method called baranaja 12 grains that involves the multicropping of a number of cereals and legumes. This diversification is security against drought and crop failure.


Different crops are harvested at different times of the year and ensure year-round supply of food.

bahao This also maintains soil fertility and replenishes nitrogen. Today BBA has about varieties of paddy from which different varieties can still be grown. Of these, tapachini and jhamcha yield about 72 quintals per hectare.

BBA has also collected varieties of rajma. Effective pest control is accomplished by using the leaves of the walnut and neem, and the application of ash and cow’s urine.

The use of traditional farming methods and seeds has resulted in higher yields, improved health wndolan humans and livestock, and the increased conservation of soil fertility and agro-biodiversity. InfoChange India Agriculture website.

Most likely, new farmers will enter the market initially, prices for grain fall as new farmers enter the subsidized market and increase production, consolidation may occur abchao profit making becomes more dependent on the subsidy than the sale of the product, down stream markets become distorted by the subsidized price of the grain ALso one would like to know how far the activities of the BBA has expanded. Nice, Please keep informed the environment loving people like me about such actions and many more.

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Comment from Katie Giorgadze. Login anfolan register to post comments. Dear friends just to draw you attention to the fact Beej bachao andolan has practically nothing to do with vandana shiva or she with us, except that we both work in the broad same area – geograophically and thematically – she runs navdany and soem other research institute – beej bachao is a people’s farmers movemetn based in the villages and fields thanks jaya for bba.

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