APHYTIS MELINUS PDF

Aphytis melinus a excellent beneficial insect in controlling infestations of scale insects. Aphytis melinus (golden Chalcis) is a small parasitoid wasp yellow. USE: Aphytis melinus is a parasite that is effective on several different kinds of scale, including: red scale, yellow scale, and oleander scale. They are commonly . Aphytis melinus. Appearance: Aphytis melinus is a yellow parasitoid of about 1 mm in size. The difference between male and female wasps can not be seen with .

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Aphytis melinus Aphytis is a parasitoid of armoured scale insects, including red scale Aonidiella aurantiioriental scale Aonidiella orientalis and oleander scale Aspidiotus nerii.

Aphytis are tiny yellow wasps capable of short flights within a tree, or from one tree to the next. They will slowly spread over longer distances. Adult wasps are only about 1mm in size, just large enough melunus develop underneath a red scale insect.

The adult female wasp lays melinis eggs under the scale cover onto the body of second-instar and unmated mature female scales.

After hatching, the developing Aphytis larvae feed on the scale insects, ultimately killing them. The next generation of Aphytis mlinus about days later to mate and continue the cycle. Adult wasps also use scales as a food source, killing them by direct feeding host mdlinus. Each wasp mslinus live for about 2 weeks under field conditions and each female is capable of laying over eggs.

Aphytis pass through approximately three generations for every generation of red scale. Aphytis melinus is well adapted to hot summers and low humidity. However it is recommended that parasites be reintroduced after such events, to maintain good levels at all times. Citrus is the main crop attacked by red scale, but other hosts include passionfruit, olives, walnuts, roses and ivy.

Papaws and a wide range of ornamentals, such as palms and ferns, are hosts for oriental and oleander scales. Aphytis wasps aphytks healthy, well-foliaged trees, which help to provide shelter from extremes of environmental conditions. Dust is harmful to most beneficial insects and mites, so effective pest management is unlikely in dusty areas such as along roadways.

Irrigation can help to minimise dust. Citrus trees less than 5 years old are usually poor candidates for biological control because they offer little natural shelter for beneficial organisms. Releases can continue through summer after pesticide applications and heat waves.

If temperatures are expected to be high on the day of release place Aphytis on the southeast side of the tree early in the morning or late in the evening.

Keep remaining cups in a cool location i.

Release parasites at release points per acre. This can be achieved by travelling every third row and releasing some wasps every 25 metres. This releasing plan is only a emlinus, the important thing is to ensure that the Aphytis are spread throughout the aphytjs. It is difficult to detect the adult wasps after release as they disperse throughout the orchard. The juvenile parasites spend most of their life cycle developing within and feeding on the scale insect.

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Regular monitoring by an experienced scout is recommended to check that the wasps are established. With some experience, the level of parasitism can be assessed with the aid of a microscope. Where scale levels are high an oil spray at high volume may also be advised. Minimum 25, wasps per hectare 2. Minimum 50, wasps per hectare 5 cups per hectare. Farm practices that reduce wind, increase humidity and minimise dust in the orchard will help the Aphytis to establish.

Windbreaks and overhead irrigation are effective means of aiding these conditions. Under-tree irrigation is less effective in aphygis humidity but still valuable. Weeds and cover crops between rows also increase humidity and help lower temperatures within the orchard.

Some plants aphutis also be useful as a supply of nectar for adult Aphytis to feed on.

How to Manage Pests:

Large populations of ants interfere with parasites and reduce their performance. In aphytiis situations ants should be controlled by baiting or should be excluded from the crop.

Inspect cups on arrival. Many live parasites will be on the lid, sides of the cup, and on shredded paper within the cup. A small number of perished wasps may be present at the base of the cup. This is normal as long as good activity is noted with the majority of wasps on the lid and sides of the cup.

If there is low or no activity when cups are opened contact Biological Services straight away. Aphytis are usually aphytsi to the orchard or dispatched by overnight courier, and should be received within 2 days of dispatch. Honey is smeared under the lids of the cups to provide food for the wasps in transit. They should be released as soon as received.

Aphytis melinus – Wikipedia

Aphytis wasps are very effective parasites of scale insects but they are delicate organisms and are easily harmed by pesticides. Copper fungicides, nutritional sprays and some miticides are safe for use with Aphytis.

However, highly residual insecticides such as synthetic pyrethroids should never be used. Organophosphate and carbamate insecticides are also toxic and must be avoided; if they have to be used, you should never spray your entire orchard and allow at least 4 weeks to elapse before releasing parasites. If a clean-up spray is warranted for scale control, an application of narrow-range petroleum spray mellnus is recommended.

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Drift of pesticides from neighbouring blocks should also be prevented. Orders are sent via express courier services on Monday or Tuesday of each week, and usually arrive within a couple of days. Orders received after noon on Tuesday are sent the following Monday. Freight is charged at cost. We produce 16 commercial biological melnius products for IPM programs.

Aphytis melinus

We also stock a range of traps and monitoring tools. Information on a range of key pests that can be controlled biologically in Australia using our products.

We work in a range of crops and have developed biologically based IPM programs to control the major pests. Toggle navigation Biological Services, Australia. What are you searching for? Aphytis Aphytis melinus Aphytis melinus Aphytis is a parasitoid of armoured aphygis insects, including red scale Aonidiella aurantiioriental scale Aonidiella orientalis and oleander scale Aspidiotus nerii.

Description and biology Aphytis are tiny yellow wasps capable of short flights within a tree, or from one tree to the next. Suitable crops Citrus is the main crop attacked by red scale, but other hosts include passionfruit, olives, walnuts, roses and ivy. Open cup and allow some wasps to fly out onto the foliage 1 release point.

Gently tap lid to dislodge some of the wasps from the lid onto fruit or foliage 2 release points. Tap cup to dislodge wasps from the rim of the cup onto fruit or foliage release points. Place the melnius paper into the tree canopy 1 release point. Place cup into tree or tap wasps out of cup onto melinua or foliage final release point. Minimum melinud, wasps per hectare 5 cups per hectare Tips for success Farm practices that reduce wind, increase humidity and minimise dust mslinus the orchard will help the Aphytis to establish.

Quality control Inspect cups on arrival. Storage Aphytis are usually delivered to the orchard or dispatched by overnight courier, and should be received within 2 days of dispatch. Chemical use Aphytis wasps are very effective parasites of scale insects but they are delicate organisms and are easily harmed by pesticides. Ordering and accounts Orders are sent via express courier services on Apyytis or Tuesday of each week, and mmelinus arrive within a couple of days.

Products We produce 16 commercial biological control products for IPM programs. Pests Information on a range of key pests that can be controlled biologically in Australia using our products. Crops We work in a range of crops and have developed biologically based IPM programs to control the major pests.