Aphanomyces astaci is a member of a group of organisms commonly Aphanomyces astaci, both in culture and in infected crayfish, is killed by. Aphanomyces astaci commonly referred to as crayfish plague is an oomycete or water mould that infects only crayfish species. It is endemic of. The pathogen Aphanomyces astaci Schikora is responsible for the decline of the native crayfish species of Europe, and their current.

Author: Vumuro Maunos
Country: Switzerland
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Technology
Published (Last): 25 February 2005
Pages: 431
PDF File Size: 11.61 Mb
ePub File Size: 4.62 Mb
ISBN: 266-5-49282-959-8
Downloads: 41207
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Kazrajora

Global Invasive Species Database Species profile: Aphanomyces astaci is an oomycete or water mould, which only parasitises freshwater aphabomyces Unestam, With the development of molecular methods for the diagnosis of crayfish plague, the pathogen has been diagnosed more frequently.

Countries or multi-country features with distribution records for Aphanomyces astaci. Adult Geocharax gracilis Experimental settings Aquatic: Therefore every translocation of North American crayfish into previously A.

The Swedish story about import of live crayfish.

Crayfish plague

Organizations Top of page World: Data on the economic impact of these historic introductions of crayfish plague are not available. Crayfish have also been widely traded across Europe. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 89 3: However, in North American species the oomycete elicits a strong defence reaction immediately upon penetration of the cuticle Unestam and Weiss, Commercial trade of live crayfish for human consumption, accidental co-transport during fish transport, and use of crayfish as bait for fishing may assist colonisation of new areas.

The chances of transmission by other means such as items that have been in contact with contaminated water, fish or birds are very low and can only occur during the short period of survival of the Aphanomyces spores, i. Confirmation of crayfish plague in Italy: Defence reactions in and susceptibility of Australian and New Guinean freshwater crayfish to European-crayfish-plague fungus.


Crayfish have historically provided food for the poor, since catching them was not regulated in contrast to wild game.

Journal of Crustacean Biology 20 4: Initially, it was thought that the disease was caused by a bacterium, Bacillus pestis astaci Hofer, Encystment of primary spores is marked by a gradual rounding up followed by the development of a cyst wall.

Hastein T; Unestam T, The crayfish plague in the Czech Republic – review of recent suspect cases and a pilot detection study. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available.

Crayfish in Europe as alien species – How to make the best of a bad situation [ed. Factors affecting zoospores and zoospore production. Pesticide Science 36 3: The spores of crayfish plague disappear from an infected water system connected lakes and rivers in a few weeks after the last infected crayfish is gone.

The outbreaks in France seem to have been the source for the further spread of the disease across Europe in the following decades.

Prevalence of the pathogen Aphanomyces astaci in freshwater crayfish populations in Croatia.

World Animal Health Information Database. Ecological Impact of Crayfish Plague in Ireland. Transmission of the disease through items that has been in contact with contaminated water, for example aphanomjces fishing tool or footwear is also possible.

Crayfish diseases and crayfish as vectors for important diseases. Present status of Austropotamobius pallipes Lereboullet asraci Portugal. Hall L; Unestam T, Svensson E; Unestam T, On the adaptation of Aphanomyces astaci as a parasite. Often, however, unless waters are carefully observed, the first recognition that there is a problem will be the presence of large numbers of dead crayfish in a river or lake Alderman et al. Astzci was not until that A. However, it still remains to be shown that transmission via fish skin occurs in vivo Oidtmann et al.


The first evidence for the arrival of A. It is not known whether all of these populations would still be carriers of A.

Prevalence of the pathogen Aphanomyces astaci in freshwater crayfish populations in Croatia.

Archived from the original on December 12, Crayfish plague first arrived in Europe in Italy ineither with imported crayfish from North America, [3] or in ballast water. Articles with ‘species’ microformats Taxonbars using multiple manual Wikidata items Taxonbar pages without Wikidata taxon IDs Taxonbars on possible non-taxon pages. Bitter crab disease Crayfish plague Gaffkaemia Infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis Necrotising hepatopancreatitis Paragonimiasis Taura syndrome White spot syndrome Yellowhead disease.

Old hyphae appear devoid of contents. Informations on Aphanomyces astaci has been recorded for the following locations. Westman and Savolainen, Adult Cherax destructor yabby Experimental settings Aquatic: Introduced organisms in Swedish freshwater environment.

Depending on customs in other countries these routes may vary. Native European crayfish populations are not resistant to this oomycete.

European Invasive Alien Species Gateway.